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People With Disabilities Will Find It Difficult To Vote Due To GOP Voting Restrictions
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People With Disabilities Will Find It Difficult To Vote Due To GOP Voting Restrictions


Americans with disabilities were more satisfied than ever with their voting experiences during the 2020 elections, thanks to a slew of changes aimed at making elections safer during the COVID-19 pandemic, which made casting ballots easier for a population that has struggled for decades to easily access polling places.

However, a wave of voting restrictions proposed or already enacted by Republicans across the country threatens to halt, if not reverse, that progress.

Some of these proposals specifically targeted people with disabilities. In Texas, SB 7, a sweeping package of voting restrictions passed by the state Senate in April, initially would have required people to prove that they have a disability in order to vote by mail. A similar bill passed by the Texas House in early May didn't go quite as far, but, like the Senate legislation, initially sought to place new restrictions on people with disabilities.

However, advocates say that nearly all new voting restrictions, including those enacted by Republicans in Georgia and Florida, will likely reduce access to the ballot for people with disabilities, because any voting restriction has a disproportionate impact on voters with disabilities.

“A lot of the more restrictive laws that we see proposed do not directly mention people with disabilities,” said Michelle Bishop, who works on voting and election access policy at the National Disability Rights Network in Washington. “However, whether or not people with disabilities are targeted, they are living with the consequences.”

According to the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey, approximately 13% of the U.S. population, or roughly 41 million people, identify as having a disability; however, the number of Americans with disabilities is likely far higher because many are elderly Americans with visual and physical issues, and others with chronic degenerative diseases, such as multiple sclerosis or rheumatoid arthritis.

As a result, millions of voters may be unaware that they are legally entitled to accommodations and assistance at polling places and during elections, or that there are existing carve-outs in many election laws that allow people with disabilities to vote more easily by mail or use other options. Longer voting lines and tighter restrictions on alternative voting options are likely to make casting ballots more difficult.

Voting has always been more difficult for people with disabilities; according to a survey conducted by researchers at Rutgers and Syracuse universities in 2012, nearly one-third of voters with disabilities reported difficulties voting; turnout for the 2012 election was nearly 6% lower among voters with disabilities than among the general public, amounting to 3 million missing votes.

“The Americans With Disabilities Act is 30 years old, and the majority of polling places in the United States are still not fully accessible, even for traditional in-person voting,” Bishop said, adding that “we’ve made a lot of progress, but we haven’t necessarily solved this issue yet.”

During the pandemic, state and local election officials implemented a wide range of changes to make voting more accessible, including the widespread adoption of no-excuse mail-in voting, curbside voting, ballot drop boxes, early voting, and provisions that allow voters time to correct errors on absentee ballots.

In the world of elections, the best thing we can do is provide as many options as possible for all voters, and every method of voting must also be fully accessible to people with disabilities.

National Disability Rights Network, Michelle Bishop

According to a survey conducted by Lisa Schur and Douglas Kruse, co-directors of Rutgers’ Program for Disability Research, only 18% of voters with disabilities reported difficulties last year, a significant decrease from just eight years ago. Many of the gains came from improvements at in-person polling places, but the increased number of options certainly contributed to the progress: three-quarters of voters with disabilities reported difficulties last year, a significant decrease from just eight years ago.

“There isn’t a single type of disability, so there isn’t a one-size-fits-all approach to accessibility for people with disabilities,” Schur explained. “What we found to be most helpful is for people with disabilities to have a lot of different options, and the more options, the better.”

Polls show that the pandemic-inspired increase in voting options was popular with the general public, but voters with disabilities appear to have enjoyed them even more: while half of voters with disabilities said they would prefer to vote in person in future elections, 32% would prefer to continue voting absentee, while 60% of voters without disabilities would prefer to vote in person, and only 19% would prefer to continue voting absentee.

And, while advocates have fought for decades for voting changes that benefit people with disabilities, the 2020 election bolstered another argument that they have made to policymakers for years: making it easier for all voters to vote can have an especially positive effect on voters with disabilities.

“The best thing we can do in the world of elections is to provide as many options as possible to all voters,” Bishop said, adding that “every method of voting must also be fully accessible to people with disabilities.”

However, the inverse is also true: any change that makes it more difficult for voters in general to cast ballots will inherently have a greater impact on people with disabilities. Because black people, Latinos, and Native Americans bear an unequal share of the brunt of voting restrictions, they are also all disproportionately likely to have disabilities, so any new limit on voting will hit disabled members of those communities harder.

Many states have sought to enshrine pandemic-inspired changes into law for future elections, and lawmakers in Massachusetts, Montana, and Virginia have all passed new laws specifically aimed at improving accessibility for voters with disabilities. However, Republican state legislatures across the country have targeted the most popular and beneficial pandemic-inspired reforms from 2020, a push fueled by a fear of losing control of the state legislatures.



In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. 

Though there is one criminal case in Texas involving disability-related mail ballot fraud, there is “no hard evidence” that it is a common practice, according to Jeffrey Miller, a policy specialist at Disability Rights Texas, which helps monitor an election-related hotline for voters with disabilities.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form..The House passed a slightly different voting restriction bill, which did not require proof of disability to obtain an absentee ballot but originally included similar provisions on assistance.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form..The House passed a slightly different voting restriction bill, which did not require proof of disability to obtain an absentee ballot but originally included similar provisions on assistance..Failure to complete the required assistance form would have resulted in criminal penalties, which, combined with provisions allowing for an increase in the number of poll watchers, could have created a "chilling effect" for both voters with disabilities and those who assist them, according to Miller.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form..The House passed a slightly different voting restriction bill, which did not require proof of disability to obtain an absentee ballot but originally included similar provisions on assistance..Failure to complete the required assistance form would have resulted in criminal penalties, which, combined with provisions allowing for an increase in the number of poll watchers, could have created a "chilling effect" for both voters with disabilities and those who assist them, according to Miller..

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form..The House passed a slightly different voting restriction bill, which did not require proof of disability to obtain an absentee ballot but originally included similar provisions on assistance..Failure to complete the required assistance form would have resulted in criminal penalties, which, combined with provisions allowing for an increase in the number of poll watchers, could have created a "chilling effect" for both voters with disabilities and those who assist them, according to Miller...Instead of addressing the issues that voters with disabilities face at the polls each election, Texas Republicans were attempting to solve an illusory problem.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form..The House passed a slightly different voting restriction bill, which did not require proof of disability to obtain an absentee ballot but originally included similar provisions on assistance..Failure to complete the required assistance form would have resulted in criminal penalties, which, combined with provisions allowing for an increase in the number of poll watchers, could have created a "chilling effect" for both voters with disabilities and those who assist them, according to Miller...Instead of addressing the issues that voters with disabilities face at the polls each election, Texas Republicans were attempting to solve an illusory problem..According to the Texas Tribune, most of the specific disability-related provisions were removed from both bills before they passed, but disability advocates like Miller are concerned that they will reappear during a conference committee to reconcile the two pieces of legislation.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form..The House passed a slightly different voting restriction bill, which did not require proof of disability to obtain an absentee ballot but originally included similar provisions on assistance..Failure to complete the required assistance form would have resulted in criminal penalties, which, combined with provisions allowing for an increase in the number of poll watchers, could have created a "chilling effect" for both voters with disabilities and those who assist them, according to Miller...Instead of addressing the issues that voters with disabilities face at the polls each election, Texas Republicans were attempting to solve an illusory problem..According to the Texas Tribune, most of the specific disability-related provisions were removed from both bills before they passed, but disability advocates like Miller are concerned that they will reappear during a conference committee to reconcile the two pieces of legislation..Even if those provisions are not included, other restrictions in the bills, such as a ban on drive-thru voting, which Republicans are pushing for largely because it was used last year in heavily Democratic Harris County, where Houston is located, would have a negative impact on voters with disabilities.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form..The House passed a slightly different voting restriction bill, which did not require proof of disability to obtain an absentee ballot but originally included similar provisions on assistance..Failure to complete the required assistance form would have resulted in criminal penalties, which, combined with provisions allowing for an increase in the number of poll watchers, could have created a "chilling effect" for both voters with disabilities and those who assist them, according to Miller...Instead of addressing the issues that voters with disabilities face at the polls each election, Texas Republicans were attempting to solve an illusory problem..According to the Texas Tribune, most of the specific disability-related provisions were removed from both bills before they passed, but disability advocates like Miller are concerned that they will reappear during a conference committee to reconcile the two pieces of legislation..Even if those provisions are not included, other restrictions in the bills, such as a ban on drive-thru voting, which Republicans are pushing for largely because it was used last year in heavily Democratic Harris County, where Houston is located, would have a negative impact on voters with disabilities.. 

“There will definitely be new barriers for voters with disabilities,” Miller said, adding that “both of these bills have a lot of problems on their own and would definitely impact voters with disabilities simply because they reduce people’s options.”

Other new laws, such as those enacted in Florida and Georgia, will have a similar impact as Republicans seek to ban or limit curbside voting, roll back vote-by-mail programs, impose even stricter photo identification requirements, and impose other restrictions, such as limits on third-party ballot submission.

Experts say it is too early to predict how much of a burden these changes will place on voters with disabilities, particularly when compared to last year's election. However, curbside voting, drop boxes, and mail-in ballots all provide alternatives to in-person voting that improve access for people with mobility-related disabilities, while automatic voter registration or permanent vote-by-mail lists, such as the on-line voting system, do not.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form..The House passed a slightly different voting restriction bill, which did not require proof of disability to obtain an absentee ballot but originally included similar provisions on assistance..Failure to complete the required assistance form would have resulted in criminal penalties, which, combined with provisions allowing for an increase in the number of poll watchers, could have created a "chilling effect" for both voters with disabilities and those who assist them, according to Miller...Instead of addressing the issues that voters with disabilities face at the polls each election, Texas Republicans were attempting to solve an illusory problem..According to the Texas Tribune, most of the specific disability-related provisions were removed from both bills before they passed, but disability advocates like Miller are concerned that they will reappear during a conference committee to reconcile the two pieces of legislation..Even if those provisions are not included, other restrictions in the bills, such as a ban on drive-thru voting, which Republicans are pushing for largely because it was used last year in heavily Democratic Harris County, where Houston is located, would have a negative impact on voters with disabilities.. .People with disabilities are also less likely to drive and thus have a driver's license or other form of photo identification.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form..The House passed a slightly different voting restriction bill, which did not require proof of disability to obtain an absentee ballot but originally included similar provisions on assistance..Failure to complete the required assistance form would have resulted in criminal penalties, which, combined with provisions allowing for an increase in the number of poll watchers, could have created a "chilling effect" for both voters with disabilities and those who assist them, according to Miller...Instead of addressing the issues that voters with disabilities face at the polls each election, Texas Republicans were attempting to solve an illusory problem..According to the Texas Tribune, most of the specific disability-related provisions were removed from both bills before they passed, but disability advocates like Miller are concerned that they will reappear during a conference committee to reconcile the two pieces of legislation..Even if those provisions are not included, other restrictions in the bills, such as a ban on drive-thru voting, which Republicans are pushing for largely because it was used last year in heavily Democratic Harris County, where Houston is located, would have a negative impact on voters with disabilities.. .People with disabilities are also less likely to drive and thus have a driver's license or other form of photo identification..Enhanced voter ID laws have a disproportionate impact on their ability to vote and create new barriers in their path, particularly because government facilities where IDs can be obtained are frequently difficult to access for many people with disabilities.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form..The House passed a slightly different voting restriction bill, which did not require proof of disability to obtain an absentee ballot but originally included similar provisions on assistance..Failure to complete the required assistance form would have resulted in criminal penalties, which, combined with provisions allowing for an increase in the number of poll watchers, could have created a "chilling effect" for both voters with disabilities and those who assist them, according to Miller...Instead of addressing the issues that voters with disabilities face at the polls each election, Texas Republicans were attempting to solve an illusory problem..According to the Texas Tribune, most of the specific disability-related provisions were removed from both bills before they passed, but disability advocates like Miller are concerned that they will reappear during a conference committee to reconcile the two pieces of legislation..Even if those provisions are not included, other restrictions in the bills, such as a ban on drive-thru voting, which Republicans are pushing for largely because it was used last year in heavily Democratic Harris County, where Houston is located, would have a negative impact on voters with disabilities.. .People with disabilities are also less likely to drive and thus have a driver's license or other form of photo identification..Enhanced voter ID laws have a disproportionate impact on their ability to vote and create new barriers in their path, particularly because government facilities where IDs can be obtained are frequently difficult to access for many people with disabilities..Meanwhile, aggressive signature matching requirements on absentee ballots are frequently more difficult to meet for people with disabilities, a problem exacerbated by many GOP lawmakers’ opposition to “ballot curing” processes that allow voters to fix problems that arise rather than having their ballots thrown out.

In April, Republicans in the Texas Senate passed legislation prohibiting drive-thru voting and prohibiting local officials from mailing absentee ballot request forms unless specifically requested each election..Texas is already one of the most restrictive voting states; to obtain an absentee ballot, voters must be over the age of 65 or have a disability..The legislation originally proposed changing the law to require people requesting an absentee ballot to provide written proof of their disability status, a change GOP lawmakers argued is necessary because “people claiming disability who do not in fact have a disability” are the biggest source of “mail ballot fraud,” according to one Republican state senator.. .Out of apparent fears that such assistance is routinely used to “exploit” people with disabilities, another GOP lawmaker argued to Spectrum that the bill would initially require anyone who helps a voter fill out a ballot to attest to their relationship and why assistance was necessary on a separate form..The House passed a slightly different voting restriction bill, which did not require proof of disability to obtain an absentee ballot but originally included similar provisions on assistance..Failure to complete the required assistance form would have resulted in criminal penalties, which, combined with provisions allowing for an increase in the number of poll watchers, could have created a "chilling effect" for both voters with disabilities and those who assist them, according to Miller...Instead of addressing the issues that voters with disabilities face at the polls each election, Texas Republicans were attempting to solve an illusory problem..According to the Texas Tribune, most of the specific disability-related provisions were removed from both bills before they passed, but disability advocates like Miller are concerned that they will reappear during a conference committee to reconcile the two pieces of legislation..Even if those provisions are not included, other restrictions in the bills, such as a ban on drive-thru voting, which Republicans are pushing for largely because it was used last year in heavily Democratic Harris County, where Houston is located, would have a negative impact on voters with disabilities.. .People with disabilities are also less likely to drive and thus have a driver's license or other form of photo identification..Enhanced voter ID laws have a disproportionate impact on their ability to vote and create new barriers in their path, particularly because government facilities where IDs can be obtained are frequently difficult to access for many people with disabilities..Meanwhile, aggressive signature matching requirements on absentee ballots are frequently more difficult to meet for people with disabilities, a problem exacerbated by many GOP lawmakers’ opposition to “ballot curing” processes that allow voters to fix problems that arise rather than having their ballots thrown out.. 

“Something that may be a minor annoyance for someone who does not have a disability can become a major burden for someone who does,” Schur explained.

People with disabilities were still more likely to report difficulties voting by mail, which was more than twice as high as among those without disabilities, according to the Rutgers survey.

Because the majority of voters with disabilities prefer to vote in person, states and municipalities must continue to make polling places and voting machines more accessible, according to Bishop. Election processes must also be designed and implemented with people with disabilities in mind, rather than simply “retrofitted” in a last-minute effort to accommodate them.

Despite its flaws, the plethora of voting options may have provided an even greater boost to voters with disabilities than it did to voters in general; however, rather than using last year's election as a springboard for further progress, many Republican lawmakers across the country are moving backward.

“We’ve spent the last 20 years fighting for more accessible voting systems and polling places,” Bishop said, “but I don’t know what good that does to someone who has been standing in line for several hours in the Georgia heat with no one allowed to give them water.”

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